Wassenaar Agreement Dual Use

The list of COCOM International ammunition was forwarded to the VA, albeit in a slightly different format. In addition, a pre-delivery consultation system has been put in place, whereby arms exporters are linked to arms transfers to areas where tensions are high or conflicts continue. This consultation mechanism aims to increase the transparency of the arms trade and dual-use trade among members, thereby reducing the suspicions of suppliers, who are also commercial competitors, of the application of restrictions for protectionist reasons. The twelfth plenary session on 5 and 6 December in Vienna celebrated the va`s tenth anniversary and was chaired by Australian Ambassador Peter Shannon. Parliament has successfully adopted a number of checklist changes, while expressing a desire to establish a dialogue with the VA panel and the missile technology control regime to improve the regime`s ability to keep pace with the progress of technologies, market trends and international security. In addition, the plenary decided to make available to the public two best practices for Implementing Intangible Transfers of Technology Controls and Best Practice Guidelines for the Licensing of Its Licensing on the Basic List and Sensitive List of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies – to complement the plenary agreement to maintain a high priority for transparency and contact with non-participating states and international organisations to promote strengthening export controls. The eighth plenary session was held in Vienna from 11 to 12 December, chaired by Ambassador Wolodymyr Ohryzko (Ukraine). Participating States have developed new means for the exchange of information and the implementation of concrete measures to strengthen the control of exports of conventional weapons and dual-use goods, in order to prevent the acquisition of these objects by terrorist groups and organizations and by isolated terrorists. In this context, participating states agreed to review existing VA guidelines for MANPADS in order to assess the appropriateness of these guidelines to prevent the use of such objects by terrorists. It succeeds the Cold War Coordination Committee on Multilateral Export Controls (COCOM) and was founded on 12 July 1996 in Wassenaar, the Netherlands, near The Hague.

The Wassenaar agreement is much less stringent than COCOM, focusing mainly on the transparency of national export control regimes and not giving some members a veto over organisational decisions. A secretariat for the management of the agreement is located in Vienna, Austria. However, as a cocom, it is not a treaty and is therefore not legally binding. The Wassenaar Agreement calls on Member States to report twice a year on the transfer of arms and certain dual-use products for non-members of the Convention. The necessary data exchange will take place in April and October and will cover the previous six-month period (January – June or July – December). The refusal of any attempt to obtain the information indicated is also communicated within 60 days of the decision. The agreement defines the items to be reported in a list of ammunition and a two-stage list of sensitive dual-use goods and technologies. Weapons information, with the exception of the missile category, is provided in the details of the model and type.